In this tutorial, learn how to align text vertically center using CSS. The short answer is : use the vertical-align property of CSS. You can use some other CSS properties given here to center align text vertically. To align text vertically center, you can use CSS property vertical-align with center as its value. You also need to use display:table-cell property of CSS to make text vertically center. Add some width and height to the div element and align text horizontally center also.

To make text horizontally center, you have to use text-align:center. The above example contains the div element with some background color. The text in the div element is in the required position. Below are some other methods that are given for text alignment in the vertical center position. But this method is the best method you can use to make text vertically center. You can use the CSS property line-height to align the text center in a div.

Use the same value for this property as you will give for the height of the div. If the text contains more than one line, it may take another line out of the box. To make text looks properly arranged, you may also have to use text-align:center. The above example center aligns only single-line text content. Add some more lines to the above text content. The other lines may visible outside of the div element. In addition to the above all methods, you can use CSS padding property for top and bottom.

It requires only to use them padding-top and padding-bottom property for making the div height correct and center align text vertically. The above example contains the padding-top and padding-bottom for vertically center alignment. Also, you can apply some width to the div element to make a box.The methods themselves usually aren't difficult to understand.

Instead, it's more due to the fact that there are so many ways to center things. The method you use can vary depending on the HTML element you're trying to center, or whether you're centering it horizontally or vertically. In this tutorial, we'll go over how to center different elements horizontally, vertically, and both vertically and horizontally. Centering elements horizontally is generally easier than vertically centering them. Here are some common elements you may want to center horizontally and different ways to do it.

To center text or links horizontally, just use the text-align property with the value center :. Use the shorthand margin property with the value 0 auto to center block-level elements like a div horizontally:. Flexbox is the most modern way to center things on the page, and makes designing responsive layouts much easier than it used to be.

However, it's not fully supported in some legacy browsers like Internet Explorer. To center an element horizontally with Flexbox, just apply display: flex and justify-content: center to the parent element:. Centering elements vertically without modern methods like Flexbox can be a real chore.

Here we'll go over some of the older methods to center things vertically first, then show you how to do it with Flexbox. For a long time this was the go-to way to center things vertically. For this method you must know the height of the element you want to center. To truly center the child element, set the margin-top property to - half the child element's height :.

If you don't know the height of the element you want to center or even if you dothis method is a nifty trick. This method is very similar to the negative margins method above. Set the display property of the parent element to relative. To center an element vertically, apply display: flex and align-items: center to the parent element:. This is very similar to the method above to center an element vertically.

Like last time, you must know the width and height of the element you want to center. This just centers the top left corner of the child element vertically and horizontally. To truly center the child element, apply a negative top margin set to half the child element's height, and a negative left margin set to half the child element's width:. Use this method to center an element vertically and horizontally if you don't know its exact dimensions and can't use Flexbox.

This is really just a combination of the two previous Flexbox methods. Then apply justify-content: center and align-items: center to center the child element s horizontally and vertically:.

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That's everything you need to know to center with the best of 'em.Join Stack Overflow to learn, share knowledge, and build your career. Connect and share knowledge within a single location that is structured and easy to search.

How to center div horizontally, and vertically within the container using flexbox. In below example, I want each number below each other in rowswhich are centered horizontally.

If you want the. Note that. Footnote: The flex-flowflex-directionflex-wrap properties could have made this design easier to implement. I think that the. One for vertically-aligned flex items flex-direction: column and the other for horizontally-aligned flex items flex-direction: row. In both cases the height of the centered divs can be variable, undefined, unknown, whatever.

The height of the centered divs doesn't matter. The scope of a flex formatting context is limited to a parent-child relationship. Descendants of a flex container beyond the children do not participate in flex layout and will ignore flex properties.

Essentially, flex properties are not inheritable beyond the children. Hence, you will always need to apply display: flex or display: inline-flex to a parent element in order to apply flex properties to the child. More details here: How to vertically align text inside a flexbox? Learn about flex auto margins here: Methods for Aligning Flex Items see box When a flex container has multiple lines due to wrapping the align-content property will be necessary for cross-axis alignment.

Packing Flex Lines: the align-content property. Note, this property has no effect on a single-line flex container. More details here: How does flex-wrap work with align-self, align-items and align-content?

Some recent browser versions, such as Safari 8 and IE10, require vendor prefixes. For a quick way to add prefixes use Autoprefixer. More details in this answer. Documentation: justify-content and align-items.

Vertically and Horizontally Center Elements with Flex Box - CSS3 Tutorial - Web Design

This will work best if the parent div only contains the child and nothing else. NOTE: You have to setup the width and height to see the effect. Try adding display:inline-block or display:block. Learn more about width and height. Learn more.

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Flexbox: center horizontally and vertically Ask Question. Asked 7 years, 5 months ago.I have used all sorts of unmanageable hacks over the years. Unfortunately there is no float: center option, only left and right.

center text in div vertically flex

On top of that there is no float:vertical-center. CSS Flexbox has corrected these deficiencies. Now you have more control over HTML element alignment, including perfectly centering everything. CSS Flexbox has made centering text, images and divs simple.

How to Align Text Vertically Center Using CSS

That does not mean it is the only way to center content. If you are like me you have scoured the web looking for the best solution to center horizontally and vertically in HTML. I won't bother reviewing all the legacy hacks that involve margins, absolute or fixed positioning. They still work, but should be deprecated today.

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If you need to use CSS to center text within an element like a div, header or paragraph you can use the CSS text-align property. Setting the text-align property to center is the most common way to horizontally align text using CSS. This technique is not limited to just text, it can be used to center most child elements that are smaller than the container element.

There are three things that must be present for text-align to properly horizontally center text and child elements. Use these properties to align text within the parent or wrapper div. This is nothing that exciting.

Vertical Centering

A good example is to center a navigation bar or menu. This is can be frustrating because each menu item's width varies based on the text. You can apply the text-align: center rule to the navbar's wrapper element. The inner 'parent' element, a UL in this example, should be set to display:inline-block.

Flexbox was added to the CSS standards a few years ago to manage space distribution and element alignment. Basically it is a one-dimensional layout syntax. When combined with the newer CSS Grid web developers have power syntaxes to make complex layouts simple to manage.

We say one dimensional layout control, but it really means both the x and y axis. As you will see alignment along each access is managed by different properties.

Flexbox is support by all modern browsers, including the soon to be eliminated Internet Explorer. So you can confidently use flexbox for CSS layout rules. Centering text in the absolute center has traditionally been one of those common problems with clunky solutions Flexbox solves. In the past there were all sorts of hacks, like using display table, etc. Just like I mentioned earlier Flexbox has made this once complicated and unnatural task simple.

First, lets look at some example markup to demonstrate how to center text horizontally and vertically.

center text in div vertically flex

The CSS we'll use not only centers horizontally, but vertically. The cool thing about the flexbox CSS properties used is they vertically and horizontally center anything!The lack of good ways to vertically center elements in CSS has been a dark blemish on its reputation for pretty much its entire existence.

What makes matters worse is the techniques that do work for vertical centering are obscure and unintuitive, while the obvious choices like vertical-align:middle never seem to work when you need them. The current landscape of vertical centering options ranges from negative margins to display:table-cell to ridiculous hacks involving full-height pseudo-elements.

What if you could use the pseudo-element hack, but you need those pseudo-elements for something else?

center text in div vertically flex

With Flexbox, you can stop worrying. You can align anything vertically or horizontally quite painlessly with the align-itemsalign-selfand justify-content properties. This box is both vertically and horizontally centered. Even if the text in this box changes to make it wider or taller, the box will still be centered.

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Go ahead, give it a try. Just click to edit the text. View the full source for the Aligner component used in this demo on Github. Vertical Centering The lack of good ways to vertically center elements in CSS has been a dark blemish on its reputation for pretty much its entire existence. I'm Centered!Join Stack Overflow to learn, share knowledge, and build your career. Connect and share knowledge within a single location that is structured and easy to search.

I am trying to find the most effective way to align text with a div. I have tried a few things and none seem to work. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. A sample is also available at JSFiddle :.

You need to add the line-height attribute and that attribute must match the height of the div. In your case:. Centering in CSS is a pain in the ass. There seems to be a gazillion ways to do it, depending on a variety of factors. This consolidates them and gives you the code you need for each situation. Inline with keeping this post up to date with the latest tech, here's a much easier way to center something using Flexbox.

This is from zerosixthree and lets you center anything with six lines of CSS. How to vertically and horizontally center text in both an unordered list and a div without resorting to JavaScript or CSS line heights. No matter how much text you have you won't have to apply any special classes to specific lists or divs the code is the same for each.

It might be useful for somebody else It is easy with display: flex. With the following method, the text in the div will be centered vertically:. This centers the text in my div to the exact vertical middle of a px-high outer div.

Note that you may need to use a browser prefix like -webkit- in my case to make this work for your browser. You can do this by setting the display to 'table-cell' and applying a vertical-align: middle; :. This is actually, was my favorite solution for this issue simple and very well browser supported :. I used the child-div to keep the two Anchor elements on same line row. Here only child-div is stacked inside parent-div column.

You can learn more about it at A Complete Guide to Flexbox. I didn't check with other browsers. Source: Vertical align anything with just 3 lines of CSS.Get the latest tutorials on SysAdmin and open source topics. Hub for Good Supporting each other to make an impact. Write for DigitalOcean You get paid, we donate to tech non-profits.

While this tutorial has content that we believe is of great benefit to our community, we have not yet tested or edited it to ensure you have an error-free learning experience. It's on our list, and we're working on it! You can help us out by using the "report an issue" button at the bottom of the tutorial.

Thankfully though, Flexbox makes it all easier, and we can now instead focus our designing energy towards higher level problems.

The power of Flexbox really shines when we also need to center elements vertically. If you just want specific flex items to be centered vertically, you can set align-self on the items instead:. If you want to put an element at the dead center of a page, it can be a little bit more tricky because flex items will only center vertically according to the height of their container. That means that the container itself needs to be the same height as the page itself. Where would you like to share this to?

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How to Center Anything with CSS - Align a Div, Text, and More

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